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Death Valley National Park – a Land of Drought
Death Valley National Park is located in east of the Sierra Nevada between the Great Basin and the Mojave Desert in the United States. Death Valley is the driest and hottest National Park in the United States, containing a diverse desert environment of colorful badlands, valleys, san dunes, rugged canyons, salt-flats and mountains.
The lowest point of the valley and the lowest place in North America is Badwater Basin, locating 282 feet (855 meter) below sea level. There are two main valleys that are a few million years old in the Park: Panamint Valley and Death Valley.
In 1933 Death Valley was declared a national monument. In 1994 it has been expanded and became a National Park.
Activities and Attractions
Death Valley is a huge National Park with more than three million acres of backcountry roads and designated wilderness. For hikers, the best time during the year to hike is from October to April. The best time for hiking in Death Valley is Spring or Autumn when the temperatures are cooler, the heat in the Summer rises and at times can be too hot to hike.
For bikers, there are more than 785 miles available including hundreds of miles that can be used for Mountain Biking. Click here for more information about biking routes.
For campers, there are more than four hundred miles of backcountry, dirt roads, and more than three million acres of wilderness that are available to camp. There may be certain regulations that you need to follow and permits you may need.
Another option is to join a tour. You will get a unique opportunity to see amazing sights of Death Valley in just one day. Other attractions include Scotty's Castle, Furnance Creek and Panamint Springs. Discover as much as you can on a Death Valley Sightseeing tour.
Flora and Fauna
This National Park has more than 1,000 plant species to offer despite its reputation as a lifeless wasteland. Different vegetation zones include desert holly, creosote bush, mesquite, blackbrush, Joshua tree, shadscale, pinyon-juniper, and bristlecone pine woodlands. Death Valley is well-known for its unique spring wildflowers - in the colors of gold, pink, purple, or white.
Death Valley National Park supports over 400 diverse species including three species of amphibians, five species and one subspecies of native fishes, 36 species of reptiles, 51 species of native mammals and 307 species of birds. Common mammals, include desert bighorn, coyote, mule deer, mountain lion, and bobcat.