Grand Canyon | Extranomical
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Grand Canyon

Facts About Grand Canyon National Park

Grand Canyon National Park is located in Arizona – the 15th oldest National Park in the United States. Its trademark is the Grand Canyon, which is a gorge of the Colorado River. Grand Canyon National Park, a World Heritage Site, covers about 1,218,375 acres and lies on the Colorado Plateau in northwestern Arizona. Drainage systems have incised deeply trough the rock, forming several steep-walk canyons.

In 1919 Grand Canyon National Park was named as an official National Park but the Federal protection had afforded it as a Forest Reserve back in 1983. Today there are about five million people who visits this National Park every year.

What to do at Grand Canyon?

Grand Canyon National Park offers many attractions to explore. Depending on the individual interests, people can walk or hike on several trails in and around the canyon. Even backpacking overnight is possible, but for these sorts of trips (including overnight backpacking, hiking, horseback riding, etc.), permits will be necessary. Please click here for more information about backcountry permits.

The Desert View Watchtower was built in 1932 and is a spectacular place to get a beautiful panoramic view of the Grand Canyon, the Painted Desert to the east, and even the San Francisco Peaks to the south. Visitors can probably see more than 100 miles away from the park on a clear day. The tower is 70 feet (21 meter) tall and located at Desert View Point.

Bicycle rentals are available at the Visitor Center during the peak season. To get a quick overview of the Grand Canyon National Park, the orientation film “Grand Canyon: A Journey of Wonder” might be helpful. You can view this short 20-minute film at the Grand Canyon Visitor Center.

For adventurers, whitewater and smooth water rafting trips on the Colorado River are a perfect excursion. There are also helicopter tours that fly over Grand Canyon for a spectacular view from the sky.

Visitng Grand Canyon National Park? Click here for a list of carefully-selected and amazing Grand Canyon tours and activities.

Nature of Grand Canyon National Park

Grand Canyon is one of the most studied geologic landscapes. It is known for its wide variety of geologic features and rock types, its diverse fossil record, and numerous caves.

Grand Canyon National Park contains about 1,737 known species of vascular plants, 195 species of lichen, 167 species of fungi and 64 species of moss.

In addition to the numerous plants, the park is also home to 355 bird species, 89 mammalian species, and 56 reptile and amphibian species. Depending on the Life Zone within the Park, there are different species of all types of animals. The most common amphibians are the red-spotted toads, Woodhouse’s Rocky Mountain Toads, and Canyon Treefrogs. Other animals include blackbrush, gray fox, mule deer, rock squirrels, blue spruce, and other intriguing wildlife.

Learn more about this magnificent park on a Grand Canyon tour!